The Autonomous Region of Bougainville (ARB) includes the main island of Bougainville, the large island of Buka and the surrounding Nissan, Nuguria, Tulun, Takuu and Nukumanu Islands. The country is divided into three areas- North, Central and South Bougainville.
Under the Bougainville Peace Agreement (a joint communiqué between the PNG Government and the Autonomous Bougainville Government) and the Organic Law on Peace Building, the Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG) is the government elect for the people of Bougainville. The Constitution of the ABG was enacted in 2004. There is no other tier of government below the ABG except the Council of Elders (Bougainvilles form of local government).
There are 40 Council of Elders (Local-Level Governments or LLGs) in the region, 13 District Administrations and 33 ABG Constituencies. There is uneven distribution of Councils in the districts and Constituencies. There is currently an LLG review in progress which will see Councils re-aligned to correspond to the ABG Constituency Boundaries. This will reduce the number of Councils to 33.
Within the current 40 Council of Elders, there are a number of Village Assemblies (Wards) within each of them. In total there are 350 Village Assemblies (Wards). The number will decrease under the Council Of Elders Review process.
There are two urban councils in Bougainville. The Buka Urban Council is established in Buka, the current administrative centre of the region, headed by Brenda Tohiana as the Town Mangeress. The Arawa Urban Council is in Arawa, headed by Mr. Mark Sivtare as the Town Manager. The Buin Urban Council is set to be established later in 2013.
The Division of District and LLG Administration within the Bougainville Administration is the agency responsible for all Council of Elders (LLGs) and District Administration operations in Bougainville